Standard 6. Innovations and Revolutions

Students examine physical and human geographic factors that influenced the origins, major events, diffusion and global consequences of new ideas in agriculture, science, culture, politics, industry and technology.

6.1 Distinguish between violent and non-violent revolution. Describe the causes and events of political
revolutions in two distinct regions of the world and use maps, timelines and/or other graphic representations to document the spread of political ideas that resulted from those events to other regions of the world.

6.2 Prepare maps, timelines and/or other graphic representations showing the origin and spread of specific innovations (e.g. Explosives; paper; printing press; steam engine; pasteurization; electricity; immunization; atomic energy; and computer and digital technology) . Assess the impact of these innovations on the human and physical environments of the regions to which they spread.

6.3 Map the spread of innovative art forms and scientific thought from their origins to other world regions.
Analyze how the spread of these ideas influenced developments in art and science for different places and regions of the world. Examples: Italian Renaissance and the growth of egg tempera paintings and frescoes, chemistry of oil paints (1500s); European Renaissance and the development of scientific ideas (1600–1800); England and the Industrial Revolution and its diffusion (1700–present); compare and contrast the spread of Asian, African and Latin American art forms (1900s–present); development of
twentieth century music (jazz, etc.) in North America (1900s–present)GHW.6.4 Analyze how transportation and communication changes (e.g. Railroads; Automobiles and Airplanes; Computer Technology; Television; Cell Phones; Satellite Communications) have led to both cultural convergence and divergence in the world.

6.5 Analyze and assess the impact of the four major agricultural revolutions on the world’s human and physical environments. Agricultural revolutions, in historical order: (1) fire used to alter natural vegetation; (2) domestication of plants; (3) industrialization and mechanization of agriculture with use of fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides; (4) applied microscopia for selective genetic manipulation

6.6 Compare and contrast the impact of the Industrial Revolution on developed countries with the economic processes acting upon less developed, and developing, countries in the contemporary world.

Convergence—The process by which cultures becoming more alike.

Divergence—The process by which cultures becoming less alike.

Four Major Agricultural Revolutions – In historical order: (1) Fire used to alter natural vegetation; (2) Domestication of plants; (3) Industrialization and mechanization of agriculture with use of fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides; (4) Applied microscopia for selective genetic manipulation.